One of the main marketplace elements you should consider is, of course, the business model and profitability. How can I develop my marketplace project into a profitable long-term business? Here are three key questions you should ask yourself to find out.
What ratios should I envisage in my business model?
By its very nature, and for the sake of profitability, a marketplace should not be managed by a large team. In markets where the commission rate is around 15%, the ratio 1 person to 5 million euros of business volume is an empirical figure to be considered. As for the profitability threshold, it seems to be around: 1 person to 1 million euros.
Another important ratio: the promotional budget. For some players, such as startups, the challenge is twofold: finding sellers and finding customers. Other B2B players – such as professional media (news sites, magazines, etc.) – certainly have the same problem, but they have an advantage in that they have a community and can activate acquisition levers (professional social networks, Google Ads, etc.). In both cases, it may be wise to devote a reasonable budget to acquiring customers.
The ratio of 15% advertising investment to business volume is often quoted for starting up a business, but everything depends on the type of business. At the end of the launch phase, this ratio can be as low as 4 or 5%. The promotional actions must be perfectly synchronised and fully consistent with the actual products offered and your brand advertising.
Should my sales staff be given a share of the profits?
Many B2B companies have traditionally relied on a network of sales representatives for whom they draw up a product sales commission plan.
But on a marketplace, the scenario is more competitive and the prices charged by sellers and their personal commitment must be taken into account.
The marketplace opportunity study is a good time to examine a new remuneration scheme in which no sales channel will feel penalised. Otherwise, some sales people or stores will not try to sell the goods displayed on the platform.
A profit-sharing scheme involving salespersons or stores in selling products on the Internet can be used to create a win-win scenario.
When can I expect my business to be profitable?
Take a look into the future: your marketplace has just been launched, the first customers are arriving and encountering the inevitable minor technical problems… But your business is not yet profitable. In B2B, as in B2C, this phase – which often feels as if you are in a commercial wilderness – can last between three months and two years. One of the challenges is to considerably reduce the length of this phase, with the help of experienced partners.
It will be followed by an acceleration phase, with satisfactory sales performance. This will typically last between one and three years, depending on the type of business.
Clearly, a lot of effort will initially be required. But make sure you don’t try to go too fast and be careful not to cut corners!
Our aim is to make you aware of this reality: when an already established retailer creates a marketplace, this causes a split in the company and severe disruption that cannot be avoided. Advance planning is therefore essential to make this phase as brief as possible.
To put it differently, with a lot of pragmatism and a little humour: complex situations take a lot of effort!
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Continue your reading with:
– Our article “How to comply with the legislation applicable to a marketplace?”
– Our article “ [E-commerce] B2C and B2B payment: four differences”
– Our 1st white paper “The Spring of B2B marketplaces: modelling the impact of B2B marketplaces strategies”
– Our 2nd white paper “B2B marketplaces are blossoming”
Click here to learn more about our marketplaces services, or contact Jérôme Connac (JConnac@wps.webhelp.com)
François Duranton, director of Expertime Consulting
Martial Frugier, director of the Ecommerce, Retail & Transport business unit (Webhelp)